What is Down syndrome? Know its symptoms, causes and other important details


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New Delhi | Jagran Health Unit: Every year on March 21, World Down Syndrome Day is celebrated to raise awareness of Down’s syndrome. It is a condition in which a child is born with an extra 21st chromosome. First observed in 2012, the United Nations aims to make people understand that those born with this condition should be accepted equally in this society. To raise awareness, this year, the UN has chosen the theme “We decide”.

What is Down syndrome?

Down syndrome is a condition in which a child is born with an extra 21st chromosome. It falls under the category of genetic disorders and also causes developmental disorders. A child born with this disease is likely to suffer from thyroid or heart problems.

What are the symptoms of Down syndrome?

Visible symptoms of Down syndrome can be a small head and ears, short neck, flat facial features.

The child with symptoms of Down syndrome is likely to have developmental disabilities like impulsive behavior, lack of attention, his learning abilities are slow compared to other children.

What are the causes of Down syndrome?

The causes of Down syndrome occur when abnormal cell division occurs and results in developmental problems in the child. There are three main causes of Down syndrome. The first is trisomy 1, in which the person has three copies of chromosome 21, and when abnormal cell division takes place, it leads to Down syndrome.

Second, Mosaic Down syndrome, in which normal and abnormal cells mix together and cause abnormal cell division after fertilization, resulting in Down syndrome.

The third cause is translocation syndrome, in which case the 21st chromosome is attached to another chromosome before conception and so the child is born with an extra chromosome.

What are the treatments for Down syndrome?

There is no specific treatment for Down syndrome. Treatments are based on the person’s needs as well as their condition. In the early intervention program, a person can use physical therapy, speech therapy, emotional therapy, and behavior therapy.

What is the #LotsOfSocks campaign?

The #LotsOfSocks campaign is held to raise awareness about Down’s syndrome. In this, the person involved should select socks that are unique or have unique features that catch the eye.

Posted by:
Deeksha Sharma

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